Smart Growth has brought a sea change to the way that new communities are planned and designed. Dodson & Flinker played a central role in shaping these changes through ground-breaking books such as Dealing with Change in the Connecticut Valley: A Design Manual for Conservation and Development and Rural by Design. The Twenty-First Century villages and towns the firm has planned consist of compact, walkable centers surrounded by large tracts of protected open space. Protected farmland, forest wildlife habitat and environmentally sensitive open space preservation is always a key feature of these communities. Dodson & Flinker has worked with both communities and private developers to ensure that the design of new centers as well as the rehabilitation of existing villages incorporates both walkable centers as well as extensive tracts of protected open space. By incorporating these principles into a communty’s landuse regulations, the firm has created a foundation that will guide development well into the future.